It has been determined by some researchers that the head of the Livingstone, or Livingston, family was a Hungarian gentleman who came to Scotland about 1069 with Margaret, Queen of Malcolm Canmore. His immediate ancestor, Livingus, flourished in the reigns of the the brothers Alexander I and David I. He possessed a considerable estate in West Lothian, called Livingstone.
Thurstanus, son of Livingus, witnessed the foundation charter of Holyrood House in 1128. Thurstanus was the father of Alexander Livingston, who was the first to assume the surname.
These individuals are the ancestors of the large and very significant family of Livingston, which eventually collected the following titles: Earl of Linlithgow, Lord Livingston, Earl of Calendar, Viscount Kilsyth, Viscount Teviot, Lord Campsie, Viscount Kennaird, Viscount Newburgh and Earl of Newburgh. Most of these titles, estates and honors, except for Viscount Kinnaird and Earl of Newburgh, were forfeited due to the Livingston family actively engaging in the Rebellion of 1715.